Locally-led Humanitarian Response: Reflections on the Haiyan Response
Experience of Local Development Organizations
In 2017, PDRRN published a report entitled Locally-led Humanitarian Response: Reflections on the Haiyan Response Experience of Local Development Organizations, through the support of Christian Aid.
Christian Aid over the years has engaged its partner development NGOs in responding to major humanitarian emergencies in the country, including its partner-led Typhoon Haiyan response. With support from Act Alliance, Norwegian Church Aid (NCA), Disasters Emergency Committee (DEC), Irish Aid (IA), Al Khair Foundation, ICCO, Muslim Hands, Roddick, UK Aid and the Department for International Development (DFID), local partners provided life-saving, rehabilitation and resilience building assistance to more than 41,200 households, or 206,000 men, women, boys and girls in 25 municipalities of the provinces of Leyte, Samar, Eastern Samar, Iloilo and Palawan. Despite limited humanitarian experience and notwithstanding challenges in accessing disaster areas and logistics, the local NGOs demonstrated commitment and leadership in humanitarian action and engaged in food relief, shelter assistance, livelihoods recovery, and provision of water, sanitation and hygiene.
As most of its Typhoon Haiyan response ended in 2016, Christian Aid saw the opportunity to step back and reflect on its humanitarian engagement with its partner NGOs. It supported PDRRN, a local NGO that advocates and practices participatory and people-centered strategies and approaches in its development and humanitarian programs to design and conduct this learning research.
This report is organized into four (4) parts:
Part I presents major discussions on humanitarian partnerships, local humanitarian capacity and key arguments that support the localization of humanitarian response. It also presents a history of humanitarianism in the Philippines.
Part II discusses the main findings of the learning research using the five (5) elements of locally-led humanitarian response identified by Christian Aid partners as framework for categorizing and analyzing data and narratives of local humanitarian experience.
Part III provides a discussion of major gaps and challenges facing local leadership of humanitarian response.
Part IV presents the conclusion and recommendations towards strengthening locally-led humanitarian responses addressed to local NGOs, the national and local government units and international humanitarian agencies.